1. Helix Nebula
The Helix nebula is located in the constellation Aquarius 650 light years from Earth. It is one of the planetary nebulae closest to Earth. It was formed by a supernova explosion three times the mass of the Sun, and 2.5 light-years in diameter. In February 2009, scientists photographed this beautiful nebula. The shape and color look like big eyes. They call it “God’s Eye.”
2. The Pillars of Creation
The Pillars of Creation in the Eagle Nebula taken by the Hubble telescope in 1995
This is an image of the interstellar gas and dust cylinder in the Sky Eagle Nebula taken by the Hubble Telescope, about 6500-7000 light years from Earth. This is perhaps one of the most recognizable Hubble images. It was named the Pillar of Creation because the gas and dust created new stars. The leftmost pillar is about four light years across.
3. Eagle Nebula
These are the Celestial Eagle Nebula Creation Pillars taken by scientists using the third-generation Wide Field Camera 3 (Wide Field Camera 3) from the Hubble Telescope.
4. Abel 1689
This is a group of galaxies in the constellation Virgo, about 2.2 billion light years from Earth. It is one of the largest galaxy clusters known in size and mass, featuring more than 160,000 globular clusters.
5. NGC 1300
Like the Milky Way, it is a barred spiral galaxy more than 100,000 light years in diameter and about 61 million light years from us.
6. Cone Nebula
The Cone Nebula is located in the constellation Monoceros, about 2,700 light years from Earth. It is part of the nebula that surrounds the Christmas Tree Cluster. This conical nebula is named after its shape.
7. Horsehead Nebula
This is a dark nebula. From the earth, dark dust and swirling gas seemed to form a horse’s head, hence the name Horsehead Nebula. It is part of the Orion Molecular Cloud, about 1,500 light years from Earth.
8. V838 Monocerotis
It is a red variable star located in the constellation Monoceros, about 20,000 light years from the sun. It was discovered in January 2002 and reached a maximum visual magnitude of 6.75 on February 6, 2002, and began to fade rapidly thereafter.
9. Cigar Galaxy
Also known as the Messier Catalog 82 (M82), this is an irregular galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major, 12 million light years away. It is the closest nuclear starburst galaxy to earth. Colliding gas clouds produce stars, mostly in large star clusters.
10. Arp 273
When spiral galaxies interact, the tidal forces can deform their normal shape. On the 21st anniversary of Hubble’s take-off, NASA astronomers released photos of a pair of interacting galaxies. These two galaxies look like a beautiful rose named “Arp 273” which is located in Andromeda. , About 300 million light years from Earth.
11. Retina Nebula
It is also a planetary nebula, 2,000 light years from Earth. Images are color coded. Hydrogen is shown in green, oxygen is shown in blue, and nitrogen is shown in red. In this nebula, bands or lines of bright light are masses of air and dust. The air and dust masses fly in different directions from the dying star, causing the entire nebula to form a network structure, which looks like the retina of the eye, so it is called the Retina Nebula.
12. Cat’s Eye Nebula
The Cat’s Eye Nebula, located in the constellation Draco, is one of the most complex nebulae known. Images taken from the Hubble Space Telescope show that the Cat’s Eye Nebula takes a variety of shapes such as knots, spray columns and arcs.
13. Ant Nebula
It is also a planetary nebula, also known as Mz3, ejected from a sun-like spherical star, which is located in the Milky Way, 3000 to 6000 light years from Earth. So far, astronomers have not known where this “ant” waist came from.
14. Blinking Planetary
This nebula is 2200 light years from us and measures 1.5 light years away. The image taken by Hubble shows two red patches on the edge of this nebula.
15. Orion Nebula
It is a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion and a diffuse nebula. Discovered by the Dutch astronomer Huygens in 1656, it has a diameter of about 16 light years and an apparent magnitude of 4, and is 1,500 light years from Earth. This is a large gas dust cloud that produces new stars in outer space. Hubble provides astronomers with incredible views to witness the birth of a star.